Discover The Magnificent Treasure That Is Halaban Wood.


Halaban wood is one of the types of wood that has gained much popularity on the island of Borneo. This kind of wood is effective at preventing fires and may also be used in the construction of vessels. Is there anything you would like to know about the qualities and characteristics of this wood? Check out the explanation below.


Understand the Halaban Tree


The Halaban tree, also known by its scientific name, vitex pinata, is a species of plant that may be found growing naturally from South Asia to several locations in Southeast Asia. In Malaysia, the halaban plant is more frequently referred to as leban, while in Sri Lanka, the Halaban plant is more commonly known as milla. The province of East Kalimantan in Indonesia is the one that has the greatest number of laban trees.


Plants native to Halaban may often be found growing in open regions or secondary woods. It is also often found on the edges of rivers and streams.


The bark of Halaban plants is thin, light, and yellowish to brown, and it comes off readily. The lighter-colored sapwood contrasts with the darker heartwood found deeper into the tree.


Leaves develop in groups of three to five pieces, and those situated on the side of the plant are often of more diminutive size. The form of the leaf itself is elliptical or oval, and its length may range from 3 to 25 centimeters, while its width can range from 1.5 to 10 centimeters.


The blooms have a bluish-white appearance. After fertilization, the flower will give rise to fruit that ranges in size from 5 to 8 millimeters and, when it has reached maturity, has a dark hue.


Environmentally-Friendly and Fire-Resistant Halaban Wood


It would seem that the use of Laban wood to fulfill human requirements also has a beneficial effect on the natural environment. It has been determined that this wood is notoriously tough to burn. As is well known, the provinces of Kalimantan and Sumatra have been afflicted by a persistent problem of forest fires.


The episode with the fire not only harmed the image of Indonesia in the eyes of the world community, but it also caused damage to ecosystems that are essential for the people who live there and the species that are native to the area. Because of this, khutba must be avoided whenever possible.


According to a report from Beritabeta, the Chairman of the BNPB, Lieutenant General of the TNI Doni Monardo, contributed 10,000 Halaban tree seedlings in 2019, which were then given to local governments in several different provinces. Doni said that the Laban tree's capacity to be transformed into various items could also be used as a fire retardant.


Identifying Features of Halaban Wood


Sturdy Class


The degree to which wood is resistant to the attack of destructive organisms like termites, insects, and fungi may be considered a measure of the material's durability. The unique chemical makeup of the wood tissue itself plays a role in determining the amount of resistance possessed by the wood. Since it contains more compounds that repel insects, the heartwood is often more resistant to decay than sapwood.


This also applies to the wood from the Laban tree. This kind of wood has a durability rating of 1; however, the center generally has more resistance than the outside. Because of this, Laban heartwood is often used to construct heavy-duty items like ships.


Good Quality


In addition to possessing exceptional durability, Halaban wood is characterized by a high degree of strength. In terms of the strength test, laban wood can outperform both classes I and class II wood. The core is stronger due to its status as the most durable class.




The hue of wood is a property that has to be known, even though it is not a technical trait. In this instance, Laban creates wood with various pretty intriguing hues. The color of the substance is often described as a brownish-grey hue. Yet, additional kinds have a hue between yellow and brown. The distinction between sapwood and terraces may be described as being pretty distinct. A deeper hue predominates throughout the terrace's components that resemble wood.


Particular Gravity and Hardness


There are 930 kilograms of weight for every cubic meter of halaban wood. A specific gravity of 0.88 has been determined. One might say that this kind of wood is a substance with a density that is rather high and may be used for purposes that need strong wood strength.


Cracking Power, as well as Shrinkage and the Ease of Processing


Craftsmen gravitate toward the laban wood material because of its high degree of consistency. In addition to that, the processing of Laban is simple. The power of cracking that Laban wood has is not very high.


How to Use Halaban Wood


Halaban wood, in general, may be treated to be used for the following:


        Buildings are being constructed, particularly for local people in Kalimantan and Sumatra.

        Construct the walls in addition to the parquet flooring and decks.

        Production of a wide variety of furniture, including cabinets, tables, chairs, buffets, and more of a variety of styles

        Production of various modes of transportation, including the building of ships.

        Components used in the manufacture of musical instruments

        Natural dyes may be made by removing a section of the bark and processing it.


Halaban wood is also extensively used for crafts, even though it is not yet particularly well-known. In addition, residents in the area often search for branches to use as firewood (Halaban wood charcoal)


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